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Personalized treatment may help in treating bipolar disorder

Personalized treatment may help in treating bipolar disorder

09 April | 0 Comments | By Rachael

Mental illnesses have become very common these days affecting individuals at different junctures of their lives. What varies in each case is the intensity with which it hits a person. According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), one in five adults in the U.S. suffers from a mental illness in a given year.

Bipolar disorder (BD), also known as manic depression, is a severe form of mental disorder that causes unusual mood swings in an individual, affecting their energy and activity levels, as well as interfering in their ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. The NIMH states that the condition affects approximately 2.6 percent adults in the U.S.

The condition is categorized into four main types, such as:

  1. Bipolar I Disorder – characterized by manic episodes, that last for at least seven days, and depressive episodes that can last for as long as two weeks.
  2. Bipolar II Disorder – causes a series of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes. However, this does not make the individual experience the full-blown manic episodes.
  3. Cyclothymic Disorder, also known as cyclothymia – one of the main causes behind several episodes of hypomanic as well as depressive symptoms, that last for at least two years in adults and one year in adolescents. The symptoms, however, fail to meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic and a depressive episode.
  4. Other related disorders are the ones that do not match any of the three categories mentioned above.

Bipolar disorder develops in stages

Characterized by symptoms like feeling sad and hopeless, loss of energy, impaired judgment and excessive self-confidence, bipolar disorder (BD) develops over a number of years in an individual. Often affecting a person during childhood and adolescence, the condition initially makes one feel depressive, which develops into a hypomanic episode over the years.

It is very common for the symptoms of BD to get ignored, until the condition turns severe. But, one must understand that an early diagnosis is as important as the cure, so that proper help is availed at the appropriate time. This is important because missing the diagnosis could lead to emotional weakness and also make it difficult for the individual to deliver a satisfactory performance.

Therapy can help in the recovery process

Since BD is a severe mental health condition, it is important to get it treated at the right time. A number of treatment options are available, such as medications, counselling sessions, therapies, etc. Therapy is believed to be one of the most effective treatment available for the condition. This includes a number of therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), psychoeducation, interpersonal and social rhythm therapy, etc.

However, these therapies, sometimes, fail to deliver the required results. This is because these may have successful outcomes in case of depressive state but, the same may not hold true for manic episodes. This, in turn, complicates an individual’s condition if he/she is dealing with both the phases of BD.

Some of the other treatment options available are electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), taking sleep medications and supplements and opting for acupuncture.

Road to recovery

The severity of the condition is different in different individuals. Therefore, it is best not to follow a common treatment plan for BD but to personalize the same for every individual affected by it.

Any form of treatment can work if it is combined with some healthy lifestyle changes that he/she incorporates in his/her day-to-day life. Some of these include following a healthy eating and sleeping pattern, identifying mood swings, seeking help from a friend, etc.

In case there’s someone you know who is dealing with bipolar disorder or any other form of mental illness, the Arizona Mental Health Helpline can assist you in connect with the best mental health treatment centers in Arizona. Call at our 24/7 mental health helpline number 866-606-7791 or chat online with one of our representatives to know the complete details about the state-of-the-art mental health treatment centers in Arizona.