With a large number of people suffering from psychiatric disorders, there has been a marked rise in sleeping disorder. Disturbed sleep patterns have been observed in the patients of anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), etc.
Sleep and circadian disturbances and disorders affect millions of Americans across different demographic groups. According to the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research (NCSDR), approximately 25 to 30 percent of the general adult population, adolescents and children are affected by sleep deprivation that cause disability, morbidity and mortality.
However, there are proven and growing evidence to determine that sleep disorders like insomnia and sleep apnea are associated with an increased risk of stroke. About 50-70 million people in the United States chronically suffer from a sleep or circadian disorder. Sleep-disordered breathing, such as obstructive sleep apnea, affects over 15 percent of the population and is associated with a number of issues, such as hypertension, cognitive impairment, metabolic syndrome, heart attack, stroke and mortality.
Additionally, sleep-disordered breathing is associated with several risk factors in children, such as cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors, attention-related behavioral problems and poor academic performance.
Therefore, it is essential to screen the patients who have experienced a stroke or a transient ischemic attack for sleeping disorders. Though sleep disorders are quite common after a stroke, a very few patients are screened for these diseases. The current article, as the concluding part of the series “Sleep disorder,” discusses the potential of insomnia and sleep apnea witnessed during different types of mental disorders in increasing the risk of a stroke.
According to a research, published in the American Heart Association journal Stroke, the risk of stroke may be much higher in people with insomnia compared to those who do not have trouble sleeping. Moreover, researchers also highlighted the fact that the rate and intensity of stroke are much higher among young adults compared to older people.
Generally, sleep disorders are classified into two categories that include sleep breathing problems and sleep-wake disorders. While sleep apnea disrupt breathing during sleeping, sleep-wake disorders, such as insomnia and restless legs syndrome (RLS), affect the duration of a sleep. There are several evidences that have succeeded in establishing a connection between sleep breathing problems, stroke and recovery.
Chronic insomnia has become a risk factor for depression, substance abuse and impaired waking function, affecting nearly one out of five adults. Sleep deprivation is associated with a twofold increased risk of obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, depression, substance abuse, etc.
“We feel strongly that individuals with chronic insomnia, particularly younger persons, see their physician to have stroke risk factors assessed and, when indicated, treated appropriately,” said Ya-Wen Hsu, Ph.D., study author and an assistant professor at Chia Nan University of Pharmacy and Science and the Department of Medical Research at Chi Mei Medical Center in Taiwan.
The findings also highlighted the clinical importance of screening for insomnia at a younger age and emphasized that treating insomnia is important, whether by medication or cognitive therapy. A good sleep helps a person in recovering from depression and other mental disorders. Insufficient sleep aggravates the level of anxiety, depression, etc., which further pushes the person into an inescapable vicious cycle.
Further research are on to enhance the treatment for mental disorders by improving the sleep pattern of patients. Since the medication for depression, such as antidepressants, come with their own risks and side effects, it is essential to seek a holistic treatment on time.
If you want to know more about sleep disorders triggered due to mental disorders, contact the Arizona Mental Health Helpline. Our experts can help you access one of the finest mental health treatment centers in Arizona. You can call at our 24/7 helpline number 866-606-7791 or chat online with our representatives to know more about the various mental health disorder treatment centers in Arizona.